Vertical Farming Envisages Profitable and Proper Agriculture Business
A silent revolution is underway in the agriculture industry that’s currently going to be evident in the days to come. With the global population is set to reach near 10 billion mark by 2050 the food production must increase by 70 percent estimates the United Nations.
However is a global appeal seeking restrictions on the forests. There comes the requirement of technological innovation from the farming procedures. And the notion of farming is one of them.
It is in the accordance with the principles of sustainable development which beseeches judicious utilization of environmental resources.
Vertically farming is a practice of growing crops in vertical stacked layers in controlled-environment. It doesn’t just reduce the requirement of water but also increases yield and capacity to cultivate a variety of crops.
The concept of vertical farming eases cultivation of plants even those which are not suitable to the regional conditions. It means potatoes near Chennai or tomatoes near Delhi.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) the vertical farming system absorbs 75 percent less raw material than traditional farming and only 60 watt of power daily to grow 150 kg of vegetables in a month.
To obtain this amount only 6 space is needed by vertical farming while farming requires at least 72 area. In addition, the requirement of water could be to produce 1 kg of vegetables because of recycling as opposed to 300-400 L under normal farming.
More importantly the vertical farming ecosystem holds a key to the significant problem of weather-related crop losses.
Effects of climate change such as floods in the country and erratic rain events prolonged droughts are currently causing farmers to incur heavy losses. There have been many instances when crops were destroyed due to the unseasonal rains.
Plants can be grown indoors with or without dirt under vertical farming which assures the protections from unruly winds incessant rains dry climate.The key environmental components such as light temperature humidity and micro-nutrients are controlled to optimize plant growth.
Farming could be carried out in the areas with scarcity of water as well as in urban areas as it can be set up in small plots. There are some gardening methods that are different. The dominant is hydroponics in which the roots are submerged in water.
Another method is Aeroponics. It has potential to reform the farming practices in the drylands and drought-prone regions as plants have been grown with very little water and no dirt in mist environment.
Some research say plants developed with the Aeroponics method uptake nutrients such as vitamins and minerals. It translates into greater yield and more healthy plants. Farming eases more crop cycles compared to that through ways.